针刺研究

2021, v.46(03) 254-258

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国际视角下拔罐疗法的生理学机制及临床研究进展
Physiological mechanisms and clinical research progress of cupping therapy

侯筱;白震民;刘静民;
HOU Xiao;BAI Zhen-min;LIU Jing-min;Department of Physical Education and Sport Kinesiology, Tsinghua University;School of Sports Medicine and Physical Therapy, Beijing Sport University;

摘要(Abstract):

拔罐疗法是中医学的重要组成部分,但针对拔罐发挥疗效的具体机制并无统一认识。本文通过对国内外有关拔罐疗法的科研证据进行分类分析,总结出血液循环促进理论、神经反射理论、痛门理论、免疫炎性反应理论、张力改变理论5种主要的拔罐作用机制,对拔罐治疗各类病症的临床研究进展进行梳理,并总结不同疾病的拔罐治疗效果所依据的主要生理学机制。
Cupping therapy is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine, and its efficacy has been gradually accepted and confirmed by modern clinical medicine, but its physiological mechanisms have no consensus. In the present paper, we summarized the related mechanisms from results of both domestic and international researches which include 1) blood circulation promotion theory, 2) neurological reflex theory, 3) gate theory of pain, 4) inflammation-immune reaction theory and 5) skin tension increase theory. We also reviewed progresses of clinical researches about application of cupping therapy to cardiovascular diseases, chronic musculoskeletal pain, migraine and other painful symptoms, as well as arthritis which effects involve the above mentioned blood-circulation promotion, tension-increase, gate theory and inflammation-immune reaction, respectively. We believe that the mechanisms of cupping therapy are not independent and should be explored further from different perspectives.

关键词(KeyWords): 拔罐疗法;生理学机制;临床应用;血液循环促进
Cupping therapy;Physiological mechanism;Clinical application;Blood circulation promotion

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家卫生健康委员会老龄健康司课题(No.2019120876)

作者(Author): 侯筱;白震民;刘静民;
HOU Xiao;BAI Zhen-min;LIU Jing-min;Department of Physical Education and Sport Kinesiology, Tsinghua University;School of Sports Medicine and Physical Therapy, Beijing Sport University;

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DOI: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.200334

参考文献(References):

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