针刺研究

2012, v.37(06) 506-510

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拔罐疗法的负压效应机制研究进展
Progress of Researches on the Mechanism of Cupping Therapy

崔帅;崔瑾;
CUI Shuai,CUI Jin(Guiyang College of Chinese Medicine,Guiyang 550002,China)

摘要(Abstract):

中医拔罐疗法治疗疾病,是多种复合刺激作用于皮肤和穴位产生的综合效应。其中,罐内负压是疗效产生的主要因素。现代医学负压疗法中,对负压的作用机制也有深入研究。本文针对拔罐疗法和现代医学负压疗法的效应机制的相关研究文献进行了总结,认为罐内负压的形成与操作熟练程度、火罐大小和燃用乙醇浓度等因素有关;罐内负压与罐斑的形成密切相关。负压能够扩张血管,调节局部血流量,改善局部微循环;促进局部毛细血管和内皮细胞形态修复;促进细胞核增殖抗原的表达,显著提高创面再上皮化速度,发挥良性刺激作用,使机体功能恢复正常。
Cupping therapy of Chinese medicine is able to relieve a variety of diseases or clinical conditions,which results from the comprehensive effects of multiple types of stimulation exerted onto the regional acupoint areas.Among the stimuli,the negative pressure from cupping is one of the main factors inducing therapeutic effects.In the present paper,the authors review development of researches on the underlying mechanism of therapeutic effects of cupping-negative pressure from 1) the factor of intra-cup negative pressure;2) influence of intra-cup negative pressure on cup-blackspot formation;3) influence of cupping on regional blood vessels and blood flow;4) effect of cupping on regional ultrastructure of the capillary in the raw-surface tissue;5) effect of cupping-negative pressure on regional endothelial cells;and 6) biological effects of negative pressure drainage.Generally,cupping induced negative pressure can dilate local blood vessels to improve microcirculation,promote capillary endothelial cells repair,accelerate granulation and angiogenesis,etc.,in the regional tissues,normalizing the patients' functional state at last.

关键词(KeyWords): 拔罐疗法;负压效应;局部微循环;超微结构;生物效应
Cupping therapy;Negative pressure effect;Regional microcirculation;Ultrastructure;Biological effects

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科技厅(黔科合中药字[2010]LKZ 7040号)

作者(Authors): 崔帅;崔瑾;
CUI Shuai,CUI Jin(Guiyang College of Chinese Medicine,Guiyang 550002,China)

DOI: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.2012.06.011

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