针刺研究

2021, v.46(09) 809-814

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头针不同流派比较与分析
Comparison and analysis on different academic schools of scalp acupuncture

张子迪;王锐卿;刘敬萱;孙彦辉;李晓峰;张莘;张选平;贾春生;邢海娇;
ZHANG Zi-di;WANG Rui-qing;LIU Jing-xuan;Sun Yan-hui;LI Xiao-feng;ZHANG Xin;ZHANG Xuan-ping;JIA Chun-sheng;XING Hai-jiao;Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage, Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

通过查阅中国知网、万方、维普数据库以及头针各流派相关书籍,对近60年与头针相关的文献进行整理,比较目前应用较广泛的方云鹏头针、焦顺发头针、朱明清头针等10个头针流派的理论基础、选穴部位、临床优势病种等,以期为治疗不同疾病提供头针疗法的最佳刺激部位、全息象、针刺手法、针刺角度、留针时间等,减少临床选穴(区)的盲目性。众多头针流派各有特点,应通过严密的科学研究找出临床中头针最佳治疗方案,促进流派间的融合,使头针更加规范化和标准化,为临床使用头针提供参考,提高临床疗效,促进头针疗法的应用与推广。
The scalp acupuncture therapy, an important component of the microneedle system of the acupuncturology, is effective in the treatment of multiple types of diseases. In the present paper, we made a comparative analysis about the theoretical basis, acupoint location and main clinical indications of the ten academic schools of scalp-acupuncture, including FANG Yun-peng's Scalp Acupuncture, JIAO Shun-fa's Scalp Acupuncture, ZHU Ming-qing's Scalp Acupuncture, etc. which are widely used in clinic at present after collecting the related articles published in recent 60 years from databases of CNKI, Wanfang and VIP, and relevant books. These nine academic schools are similar in clinical indications(such as neurological disorders, brain-derived di-seases) and in needle inserting angle and depth, and different in the needling manipulations, needling methods, needle retaining time, theoretical basis, attending diseases of the same one stimulated region, and the position and yin or yang of holograms. The main problems facing the scalp acupuncture are non-uniform positioning method, non-uniform needling method, and non-uniform indications of the same scalp acupoint. Up to now, it remains unclear that which academic school is better in the therapeutic efficacy, thus, we should strengthen clinical research to find out its inherent law in diagnosis and treatment, constantly optimize the needle scheme, determine the best scalp-acupoint position and best needling manipulations, quantize and standardize the related issues, and accelerate the integration of the different academic schools, so as to improve clinical curative effect and to further promote the application and popularization, serving the patients in a better way.

关键词(KeyWords): 头针疗法;学术流派;针刺方法;对比研究
Scalp acupuncture;Academic schools;Acupuncture method;Comparative study

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(No.81473773)

作者(Author): 张子迪;王锐卿;刘敬萱;孙彦辉;李晓峰;张莘;张选平;贾春生;邢海娇;
ZHANG Zi-di;WANG Rui-qing;LIU Jing-xuan;Sun Yan-hui;LI Xiao-feng;ZHANG Xin;ZHANG Xuan-ping;JIA Chun-sheng;XING Hai-jiao;Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage, Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

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DOI: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.201066

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